The building beside St Laurence's churchyard was once the dormitory of Reading Abbey’s Hospitium of St John the Baptist (guesthouse). Pilgrims and other visitors to Reading could stay here for two nights, for free, so long as they went to services at the abbey church. In 1486 a boys’ school run by Reading Abbey moved into the Hospitium. In the late 19th century, the Hospitium became home to University College, Reading, which grew into the University of Reading.
Mary Tudor gave this piece of land to St Laurence’s for burials in 1557. People from the parish of St Laurence had previously been buried by the abbey church, but lost their burial ground when the abbey closed.
The origins of the University of Reading lie in the first international celebration of technology, the Great Exhibition of 1851. This produced enough of a surplus to set up ‘Schools of Science and Art’ around the country. Reading got an Art School in 1860 and a Science School in 1870; in 1882 they merged, moved to Valpy Street in part of the Town Hall, and formed a miniature technical college for the men and women of the town.
University education came to Reading in 1885 with an Oxford University ‘extension unit’, and in 1892 this merged with the Schools of Science and Art to form the University College based in the former Hospitium building and neighbouring St Laurence's Vicarage. The old dormitory was restored to house laboratories for the new University College. The College expanded its range of subjects and the demand for space prompted a new campus on London Road, funded by generous benefactors such as the Palmer family and Lord and Lady Wantage, that opened in 1906.
Just six days before the opening of Reading Station on 24 March 1840, a freak whirlwind struck Reading. It ripped off a 4-ton section of the station roof. Henry West a young man who was fixing the glazing of the roof at the time, was hurled to his death. He is buried in St Laurence’s churchyard, where his wooden memorial originally put up by his fellow workmen can still be seen.